RANCHI: A UN report on human trafficking, which was released to the media on Friday, gave a grim picture of Jharkhand where most of the 24 districts are stuck in the vicious circle.
‘India Country Assessment Report on Human Trafficking 2013’ – the first by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime – provides crucial data on trafficking in the state and also states the reasons and failure of various governments in the state to fight the vice.
According to the report, trafficking is rampant in Garwah, Sahibganj, Dumka, Pakur, west Singhbhum (Chaibasa), Ranchi, Palamu, Hazaribag, Dhanbad, Bokaro, Girdih, Kodarma and Lohardaga districts.
Most of the women trafficked from the state belong to the Oraon, Munda, Santhal (including endangered Pahariya ) and Gond tribes, but most of them are from Oraon and Munda’. The report further said prominent red-light areas exist in Dhanbad, Bokaro and Hazaribag districts.
Also, not a single report of missing children from Jharkhand is available with the National Crime Records Bureau since 2009. One of the authors of the report and a member of Shakti Vahini, Rishi Kant, said, “The state government doesn’t register the missing cases with NCRB because it is not a priority for them.”
“Hopefully the reports will be registered with NCRB now after the order of Supreme Court about mandatory registration of FIR in all cases of missing children for the writ petition of Bachpan Bachao Andolan vs. Union of India and Ors. earlier this year,” he added.
The report also mentions the various state initiative which are not giving the expected results.
According to the report there is not a single shelter home under the Centre’s Ujjwala scheme, which is a comprehensive scheme for prevention of trafficking and rescue, rehabilitation and re-integration of victims of trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation.
“In Jharkhand there are only two shelter homes under the Swadhar scheme of the centre while the rules say that every district should have a shelter home under this scheme. The lack of shelter homes leads to the problem of rehabilitation of rescued children,” said Rishi Kant.
Compared to the state government initiatives, the eight anti-human trafficking units (AHTU) set up by the ministry of home affairs in the state have been proactively working on various anti-trafficking initiatives.
“The Units have already held several refresher courses on human trafficking for the police and other stakeholders. Also, AHTU Jharkhand has initiated partnerships with various organizations in Delhi and Kolkata for getting support for conducting raids for rescuing,” recovery of victims of human trafficking and rescued many trafficked victims,” said Rishi Kant.